Many articles and pet owners claim that mixed-bred dogs are healthier than purebred dogs, but a study conducted by the UC Davis, says otherwise.
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Understanding the Differences
The title of the study is “Prevalence of inherited disorders among mixed-breed and purebred dogs: 27,254 cases (1995-2010)”. This title was published in the Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association on June 1, 2013. The research has about 27,000 cases to test and determine the probability of occurrence of 24 of the most common hereditary diseases in dogs.
The researchers found that “Of the 24 disorders assessed, 13 had no significant difference in the mean proportion of purebred and mixed-breed dogs with the disorder when matched for age, sex and body weight.” However, 1 disorder was more common in mixed-bred dogs and the other 10 were more predominant in purebred dogs. Research showed that most disorders that are often recognized to a specific breed are just as likely to be found in mixed-breed dogs.
Given that most house-trained dogs are descendants of wolves they have similar genetic tendencies and at time that can be health related. The Golden Retriever Club of America and the American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation have been working on classifying breeds with an increased threat of specific health issues and ways to minimalize these health issues. The Canine Health Foundation as actually funded about $35 million into research that can help improve the health and well-being of dogs.
How to Own a Healthy Dog?
The majority of dog owners are always asking how to increase their chances of owning a healthy dog, but don’t realize that this is nearly inevitable. However, the American Kennel Club, their Canine Health Foundation and breed clubs have worked towards being able to have specific testing for disease before breeding a dog. This will help reduce health risks in most breeds.
It’s important to find responsible breeders that use these tests when mating and breeding dogs. You can find some breeders that have been doing this for many years and prioritize health and personality when breeding.