Just like people, dogs can experience anus and rectum issues. Your dog may be seen straining when they squat to urinate or scooting (dragging their bottom) on the carpet. Hemorrhoids may come to mind immediately because they are a prevalent condition in people.
Canine hemorrhoids, though? Or is there another issue under your dog's tail? What to check for and what to do if your dog has back problems are listed below.
Can Dogs Get Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids in people are enlarged and inflamed veins in the lower rectum and anus. They can appear inside the rectum or surrounding the anus, similar to varicose veins. They are brought on by circumstances like persistent constipation, which put additional strain on the veins in that location. People with hemorrhoids may experience itchiness, discomfort, or bloody stools.
Dogs don't have hemorrhoids, says Dr. Jerry Klein, Chief Veterinary Officer for the American Kennel Club. Dogs do not experience increased pressure on the corresponding veins, which explains this. He claims that technically speaking, dogs do not get hemorrhoids because their bodies and digestive systems are horizontal as opposed to vertical, which relieves strain on the rectum and anus blood vessels.
Rear End Problems Dogs May Have
What may be wrong with your pet's butt if dog hemorrhoids aren't the issue? There are several potential problems:
- Anal or rectal polyps. These little enlargements of additional tissue are uncommon and typically benign (non-cancerous); nonetheless, the bigger the polyp, the greater the likelihood that it may develop into cancer.
- Anal or rectal masses These tumors may be malignant or benign (cancerous). Surgery is the only option for treatment, and it will be most successful if the mass hasn't already migrated to other areas of the dog's body.
- Fistulas in the abdomen. These persistent sores have an unpleasant odor and are brought on by a tunnel-like skin development between the anus' interior and its surrounding skin. Dogs older than seven are more vulnerable. German Shepherd Dogs are most commonly affected by this illness.
- An internal hernia. This is a hernia (when an internal organ pushes through a weak spot in muscle or tissue) close to the anus, and you may notice a bulge below and to the side of it. Some breeds are more prone to it than others, including Boston Terriers, Boxers, Dachshunds, and Pekingese.
- Protruding rectus. Part of the rectum protrudes from the anus in this uncommon disease. Young dogs that frequently have severe diarrhea or must struggle to defecate are more likely to get it.
Anal Gland Issues
The anal glands in dogs' rear ends are the most often seen problem. Similar to the smell glands in skunks, these two oval-shaped sacs are located one on each side of a dog's anus. The glands release a liquid that smells strongly like fish. Since dogs are unable to spray their anal gland fluid, it is often squeezed out when they defecate, leaving a distinct fragrance mark on the stool. Anal glands can also unintentionally discharge in fearful or agitated dogs.
Many dogs, especially those of the huge and enormous breeds, never experience anal gland issues. However, certain dogs, especially small breeds, might have impacted anal glands, a condition in which the duct from the anus to the gland gets blocked. Additionally, the glands are susceptible to infection, abscesses, and malignancy.
The inability of the dog to squeeze out the sacs during defecating frequently results in anal gland problems. This may be caused by persistently soft stools or by overweight dogs' weak muscular tone. Anal sac issues can also be exacerbated by dermatitis, dietary fiber deficiencies, or allergies.
Some dogs require their anal glands to be physically drained in order to alleviate the fluid accumulation. However, without prior guidance from their veterinarian, owners shouldn't do this on their own. According to Dr. Klein, "A veterinarian can demonstrate to an owner how to properly communicate them. However, if done incorrectly or if the gland is blocked, more harm than benefit may result.
Symptoms to See If Your Dog Has Rear End Issues
Knowing what to look out for is essential since there are so many potential causes of difficulties. Keep an eye out for these things:
- Excessive anus scraping or licking All dogs clean themselves, but any further care might be a sign of a problem.
- Rolling along the ground on a scooter or dragging their behind.
- Dogs do this action to alleviate irritation or pain in the anal region.
- Surrounding the anus, swelling, inflammation, or redness
- Feces that is hard or has pus or blood in it
- Holding the tail in an odd manner